11 Şubat – Akademik makaleler

Bu hafta SARS’ın sebep olduğu ekonomik etkiler ve bazı enerji makalelerine göz attım.

  1. Historical cases for Contemporary Electricity Decisions: Bu makalede ABD’nin elektrik gelişimindeki dönemsel kararların etkileri detaylı olarak değerlendirilmiş.
  2. High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change: Bu makalede dünyadaki orman alanlarının değişimi inceleniyor. Google Earth Engine ile kodlayarak dünyadaki orman yüzeysel değişimini de inceleyebiliyorsunuz.
  3. Economic Impact of SARS: The Case of Hong Kong: Bu makalede SARS bulaşıcı hastalığının Hong Kong’daki ekonomik etkisi incelenmiş. Burada uçak yakıt talebi ve ulaştırma talebi ile ilgili önemli tablolar var.

4. How reactive power is helpful to maintain a system healthy: Bu makale uzun fakat oldukça faydalı bilgiler içeriyordu. Reaktif enerji ile ilgili detaylı bir çok kavramı da içeriyor

Energy demand impacted by a virus

Energy is an indicator of human and industrial activity. When this activity is disturbed by some event, the chain of events lead us to another uncertain future. Talking to Cuneyt Kazokoglu from FGE about the epidemics, he noted that how SARS epidemic led people to buy and travel more with passenger cars to avoid public transport.

If you think in terms of how information is spread in our socially networked world, an epidemic is a litmus test. On Sunday, Twitter suspended ZeroHedge web page. The reason was an article pointing to a scientific article from the web page biorxiv.org written by researchers from Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. The article stirred a controversy regarding the origins of Coronavirus. It has claimed that some parts of the virus seems like inserts from HIV virus. The article has been withdrawn later that day. If it was true, it has meant a tougher challenge globally.

However the fear that these kinds of events stir up panic. When there is panic, commodity prices collapse or spike. Generally the aviation jet fuel demand is hit first. Since aviation sector is hit, airlines’ shares are impacted too. When people deter from moving, that also means a slowing down of economic activity. Worse than all these is, the racist sentiment as if all Asians are potential virus spreaders.

The good news is, it happened during the Chinese new year. But this was the only good news, or should we say relatively good news. Chinese new year has an interesting impact on oil prices. The end of this long holiday is generally accompanied by oil price increases. Because economic activity in China increases after the holiday.

This time it will be hard to see that increase. Fear is now faster than the virus itself. And Chinese authorities have been said to dissuade traders from short selling and they will inject more liquidity into the financial system. We may never know the financial impact of such an epidemic on World’s most populous country. But this may reverberate differently in developing countries and especially in Asian countries.

There are side effects as well. Last week we heard from the news outlets that solar panel supplies were affected because of polysilicon production and Chinese situation. This was also confirmed by Turkish solar developers and organizations including Solarbaba. It is really interesting since I couldn’t find one single article on epidemics’ effect on renewable manufacturing supply chains and prices. This is new.

What is next? The most obvious question should be “how shale revolution will be impacted by this epidemic?”. Slowing down of economic activity has pushed oil market into contango, where front prices are lower than future prices. The problem is the employment and credit impacts of this slowdown on US oil industry. Since this is an election year, economic activity in the US may be hit by it. Lower oil prices may help consumer demand and activity, but employment from oil sector and debts to be paid will need a close watch.

Probably we will hear more cuts, sanctions and geopolitical turmoil in the coming months. But worse may happen for OPEC. Since OPEC tried hard to sustain oil prices by cutting volumes and revenues, now they will be losing more. If 2020Q1 oil demand growth is zero or negative, than things may get really sour. The seeds of next geopolitical crises and public protests are sown in OPEC countries.

The natural gas prices will go down. That may push LNG prices further lows. JKM is already the lowest in 10 years. So coal prices will be hit hard too. That may help emissions to slow down and prove that gas is a transition fuel for a low carbon world. But if economies are hit, and/or fossil prices are low, green transitions lose their priority. The future of green movements will also be impacted.

Assuming that the epidemic will be controlled soon, there may be some positive developments. As governments push more liquidity to the world economy, second quarter will be the real indicator for 2020. Low oil prices may push consumer confidence and demand to new highs. Just like we started, car sales may increase rapidly. Then a strong demand may follow. We have to keep our finger crossed